People complaining about the atrocities of Cast system in Hindu religion must know these facts.
* No caste system is permitted in Hindu religion so no one is of a higher or lower cast. There are Parts of Society and Vernas but no cast.
*The first mention of Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaisya, and Shudra is in Rig Veda Purusha Sukta Hymn 10.90, Shloka no. 11 and 12.
In 11th Shloka it is written that “when all the Devine Powers imagine a Social Purusha they asked what would be the mouth of this Purusha? What would be like Arms? What would be the middle part of the body and what would be the foot?
In Shloka 12 it is said that Brahman would be the mouth, Arms would be Kshatriya, middle body is Vaisya and foot would be Shudras.
Nowhere in the Shlokas term” Verna” or “Class” is mentioned. Here what is mentioned are the parts of a society.
In The Geeta” Chapter 4 verse 13 God Krishna himself says that Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaisya, and Shudra the 4 Vernas are created by him on the basis of the Karma (Deeds) and Guna (Traits or Characteristics).
Even God talks about the Verna and not Jaties (Casts). Varnas are Parts of Society and not the class
One is free to believe what he needs to believe but if he believes that he is from a higher or a lower cast then he certainly is not believing in Hinduism.
Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaisya, and Shudra the 4 Vernas are imagined parts of society not the class of society.
This is a classification on the basis of Characteristics and does not confirm to any hierarchy.